Saturday, August 29, 2020

Advent of Gurbani as a change away from life of suffering.


Advent of Gurbani

Gurbani was first introduced by Guru Nanak (1469-1539) and is presently compiled in Guru Granth Sahib, the Holy Granth having status of Guru in word form. Gurbani means word of the Guru. The hymns of Gurbani are those recited by Saints having diverse origin including Hindu and Muslims.

The following hymn appears on Ang (page) 628 in Guru Granth Sahib. It explains the change brought about by Gurbani has come to this world.

ਪਰਮੇਸਰਿ ਦਿਤਾ ਬੰਨਾ ॥ ਦੁਖ ਰੋਗ ਕਾ ਡੇਰਾ ਭੰਨਾ ॥ ਅਨਦ ਕਰਹਿ ਨਰ ਨਾਰੀ ॥ ਹਰਿ ਹਰਿ ਪ੍ਰਭਿ ਕਿਰਪਾ ਧਾਰੀ ॥੧॥ ਸੰਤਹੁ ਸੁਖੁ ਹੋਆ ਸਭ ਥਾਈ ॥ ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮੁ ਪੂਰਨ ਪਰਮੇਸਰੁ ਰਵਿ ਰਹਿਆ ਸਭਨੀ ਜਾਈ ॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ ਧੁਰ ਕੀ ਬਾਣੀ ਆਈ ॥ ਤਿਨਿ ਸਗਲੀ ਚਿੰਤ ਮਿਟਾਈ ॥ ਦਇਆਲ ਪੁਰਖ ਮਿਹਰਵਾਨਾ ॥ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਾਚੁ ਵਖਾਨਾ ॥੨॥

Parmeshar (Transcendent Lord) has given support(embankment). The dwelling of suffering and disease has been demolished. The men and women are enjoying in happiness. With Har, Har (simran) Prabh extends Kirpa (Blessing). || 1 || As Saints, there is peace everywhere. Parbrahm when makes one complete then the Parmeshwar (Transcendent Lord) is found pervading everywhere. || Pause ||  The Bani (utterance) has come from place of origin. It removes all anxiety. The Purakh  is kind and compassionate.  Har, says Nanak,  is expressing of the Truth. || 2 ||

Gurbani Vocabulary- 

Bani - speech, utterance
Banna - Embankment, support, barrier
Har, Har - Har means devotion towards Lord Master. When it is written double then it means  doing Jap or Simran.
Kirpa - Blessing, mercy
Parmeshwar - Almighty Supreme Lord to whom one prays.
Prabh - one of the name of God.
Purakh -  Purakh means great personae, The word represent presence of  the True One (Ekankar) in Creation. As Satguru Purakh there is guidance and direction; as Karta Purakh there is making the World Creation function; and as Akaal Purakh the Conscious Awareness is free of fear and in awareness of Eternal Nature.

Comment and explanation:

The support given by Parmeshwar by way of  a barrier that prevents or stops the suffering or prolonged disease that afflicts humans during their life. This suffering the Gurbani explains in number of hymns is due to Haume, sense of individuality in the living beings. The true nature of the person is having the consciousness which is part of the One Awareness pervading and Creating this universe. When the Haume which dwells in the mind of the humans is gone as it dies then there Awareness is same as that of the  Parbrahm. This is having perception and Conscious Awareness like that of Saints. Then the fear, anxiety and attachments that cause misery are gone. There is empowerment. There is peace and bliss in the mind. This stage is known when the person sees the presence of Parbrahm everywhere in Creation. (This perception is Saint like and happens when there comes Conscious Awareness of True Nature in the form of identifying with the Purakh, whether Karta Purakh, Satguru Purakh or Akaal Purakh.

No comments: